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Yuan Longping and his team’s hybrid rice help Southeast Asia solve the eating problem

Yuan Longping and his team’s hybrid rice help Southeast Asia solve the “eating problem”
Participants of the training course on hybrid rice seed production in the Davao project in the 杭州夜网论坛 Philippines during the dry season.Photo courtesy of China-Philippine Agricultural Technology Center ■ This is largely due to the promotion of hybrid rice technology.It is understood that the average national rice yield in the Philippines in 2003 was 3.4 tons / ha. By 2018, this number has been increased to 4 tons / ha, and the net increase in rice production is 2.4 million tons per year.  ■ The father of hybrid rice Yuan Longping and his team developed different varieties of hybrid rice to suit the soil environment and climatic conditions of Southeast Asian countries.These miraculous rice from China have brought dawn to solve the eating problem of Southeast Asian people.  I have two dreams, one is “Hexiaxialiangmeng” and the other is “Hybrid Rice Covers Global Dream”.Developing hybrid rice for the benefit of the people of the 天津夜网 world is my lifelong pursuit and dream.Yuan Longping, the father of hybrid rice and a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, said this when reviewing decades of research on hybrid rice.  In the early 1990s, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) listed the promotion of hybrid rice as the first strategic measure to address food shortages in developing countries.Many Southeast Asian countries have since promoted hybrid rice.Yuan Longping and his team have developed different varieties of hybrid rice suitable for planting in Southeast Asian countries according to the soil environment and climatic conditions of various countries.Today, large-scale Chinese hybrid rice can be seen in Southeast Asian countries such as the Philippines, Indonesia, and Vietnam.These miraculous rice from China have brought dawn to solve the eating problem of Southeast Asian people.  Thanks to China ‘s “Magic Technology”. The Xiling Tropical Hybrid Rice Research Center in the Philippines is located in the Inner Lake Province south of Manila.In the late 1990s, Yuan Longping’s team sent Chinese hybrid rice experts to the local area to conduct experimental research in cooperation with the research center.In the past 20 years, Chinese experts have collaborated with the research center to develop and promote hybrid rice on this land, which not only promoted the improvement of Philippine rice cultivation technology, increased the income of local people, but also planted the seeds of Sino-Philippine friendshipIn the hearts of Filipinos.  Since 1999, I have been breeding with Chinese hybrid rice experts.At that time, the villagers did not quite believe in this “magic technology” that could greatly increase production. Although I planted it myself, I was actually playing drums in my heart.The villager Delima’s home is in the village near Xiling Tropical Hybrid Rice Research Center.He and some bold villagers in the village planted hybrid rice with a try mentality.By the harvest season, everyone will find the benefits of hybrid rice-increased yield!Previously, 8 tons of rice could be harvested per hectare, but now it has been increased to 11 tons per hectare.Delima said that villagers have switched to hybrid rice after seeing the increase in yield brought by Chinese technology.Now, our hybrid rice production has increased by more than 60% compared to conventional rice in the past, and everyone ‘s income has continued to increase. We are very grateful to China ‘s “magic technology” and Chinese friends!  With the increasing recognition of the advantages of hybrid rice by Filipino farmers, the planting area of hybrid rice in the Philippines has increased significantly.Over the years, Chinese hybrid rice experts and Philippine rice technicians have used Chinese hybrid rice technology to develop hybrid rice varieties such as Xiling 8 that are suitable for growing in the Philippines, and have successfully promoted planting locally.Currently, more than 1/10 of the 4 million hectares of arable land in the Philippines are planted with hybrid rice.  In fact, it is not just Chinese agricultural technology experts who are spreading hybrid rice technology in the Philippines. South Korea, Japan and other countries have sent their own rice experts, but because Xiling No. 8 is very popular, local farmers only recognize this Chinese breed.In the minds of many Filipinos, Xiling 8 is equivalent to hybrid rice, and hybrid rice is equal to Xiling 8.According to Cheng Liangji, the former Chinese director of the China-Philippine Agricultural Technology Center, the successful promotion and cultivation of hybrid rice varieties such as Xiling 8 in the Philippines has enabled the Philippines to understand China’s advanced agricultural technology and opened the door for in-depth cooperation in the agricultural field between the two countries.  Data released by the National Bureau of Statistics of the Philippines show that the country’s food self-sufficiency rate reached 95 in 2016.01%, an increase of 6 percentage points from 2015, which is largely due to the promotion of hybrid rice technology.It is understood that the average national rice yield in the Philippines in 2003 was 3.4 tons / ha. By 2018, this number has been increased to 4 tons / ha, and the net increase in rice production is 2.4 million tons per year.Calculating at 160 kilograms of rice per person per year, this is equivalent to helping the Philippines feed 15 million more people, accounting for about 14% of the total population of the Philippines.Hybrid rice technology has helped the Philippines increase food production.  Sharing new cross-agricultural concepts: In the early 1990s, Vietnam experimented with hybrid rice from China in the northern region.The high yield and strong resistance to disease have allowed local growers to taste the sweetness of hybrid rice. The Vietnamese agricultural sector also encourages places where conditions permit to further promote the cultivation of hybrid rice.  To this end, Chinese hybrid rice experts have repeatedly visited the grain silos in the southern Mekong Delta, southern Vietnam, to conduct field inspections of rice planting environments, and put forward countermeasures and plans in conjunction with local natural disasters such as drought and seawater flooding.At present, some salt-tolerant rice seeds developed by Chinese experts have been successfully tested in Jianjiang Province and Can Tho in the Mekong Delta, enabling local people to harvest high-quality rice in difficult planting environments.  In addition, the Vietnam Agricultural Research Institute is also actively participating in the demonstration and promotion of China’s tropical high-quality hybrid rice in Thailand and other ASEAN countries, and sharing research results on rice molecular marker breeding and resistance to rice blast and rice planthopper-related genes in Chinese scientific research units.Exchange new cross-agricultural concepts to solve agricultural problems with high-tech non-agricultural technologies such as laser technology, photoelectric identification technology, automation and information technology.  In 2010, the China-Indonesia hybrid rice technology cooperation project was officially launched in Indonesia, which was jointly implemented by Yuan Longping Agricultural High-Tech Co., Ltd. (Longping High-tech) and the Indonesian Academy of Agricultural Sciences.The project is to breed and promote new hybrid rice varieties that are relatively good in quality and more suitable for local soil and climatic conditions, while training local technical personnel to increase grain production.Local people affectionately refer to high-yielding Chinese hybrid rice as super rice.As of 2015, China’s hybrid rice technology has been extended to 13 provinces in Indonesia, and the yield per hectare is more than double that of local varieties.At present, Longping Hi-Tech is still taking root in Indonesia, actively helping local farmers to develop trial hybrid rice, and further expanding the market layout to more countries and regions along the Belt and Road.  Behind the brilliant results, there are many unknown hardships: In order to make tropical pioneer rice seeds take root in the Philippine hinterland, Yuan Longping’s students are not afraid of difficulties and wading mountains; In the tropical rain forest of Myanmar, Yuan Longping and his team often have to work with dryland ants and cobrasStarting a life-and-death struggle . Over the years, Chinese hybrid rice experts have quietly dedicated their riches and wisdom in Southeast Asia to help local people better solve their eating problems and contribute to human food security.(Zhao Yipu, our reporter in Thailand, Liu Gang, our reporter in Vietnam) Original Title: Chinese Hybrid Rice Helps Southeast Asia Solve “Eating Problems”